Medical Homonyms:

A homonym is a word that is pronounced exactly like another word but has different meaning and different spellings. I hope this article will help you to differentiate the terms that looks similar and enhance your medical terminology skills in your career.

Abduction:

Moving the limb or hand away from the body (midline).

Adduction:

Moving the limb or hand towards the body (midline).

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Abscess:

It is a collection of pus caused by infection and the decomposition of the tissue.

Aphthous:

It refers to small ulcers of the oral mucosa.

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Anuresis:

It is a condition of failure or inability to void urine.

Enuresis:

It is commonly known as bed-wetting, is the inability to control urination.

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Aural:

It relates to the ear or to the sense of hearing.

Oral:

It refers to the mouth or speaking.

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Callus:

These are hard, thickened areas of skin formed as a result of friction or pressure on the skin.

Calculus:

Often called a stone, is a concretion of material, usually mineral salts that forms in an organ or duct of the body.

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Creatine:

A nitrogenous substance found naturally in muscle cells.

Creatinine:

It is a waste product produced by muscles and removed from the body by the kidneys.

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Caudate:

It refers to having a tail or tail-like appendage.

Chordate:

It refers to having a notochord or spinal column.

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Claustrum:

It is a thin, bilateral structure that connects to cortical and subcortical regions of the brain.

Colostrum:

It is also known as first milk, secreted by the mammary glands around the time of parturition.

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Dysphagia:

It refers to difficulty in swallowing.

Dysphasia:

It is a language disorder that affects the ability to produce and understand spoken language.

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Flexor:

It is a muscle that serves to flex or bend a part of the body.

Flexure:

It denotes the bent portion of an organ or structure. Example: sigmoid flexure, splenic flexure

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Facial: pertaining to the face.

Fascial: pertaining to fascia (connective tissue).

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Galactorrhea:

It is a milky nipple discharge unrelated to the normal milk production of breast-feeding.

Galacturia:

It refers to the passage of turbid, milky urine.

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Ileum:

It is the third portion of the small intestine, between the jejunum and cecum.

Ilium:

It is the upper part of the hip bone.

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Malleolus:

It refers to the bony prominence on each side of the human ankle.

Malleus:

It is the small hammer-shaped bone of the middle ear.

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Palpation:

It is a method of feeling with the fingers or hands during physical examination.

Palpitation:

It is the subjective feeling of an irregular or abnormally rapid heartbeat.

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Peroneal:

pertaining to the lateral aspect of the leg.

Perineal:

The perineum is the space between the anus and scrotum in the male and between the anus and the vulva in the female

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Radical:

It is designed to remove the root of a disease or all diseased tissue. Example: radical mastectomy, radical prostatectomy

Radicle:

It refers to any one of the smallest branches of a vessel or nerve.

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Vesical:

It refers to the urinary bladder.

Vesicles:

These are small, fluid-filled sacs that appear on the skin.

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Villous:

It refers to covered with or of the nature of villi.

Villus (plural: villi):

These are small, finger-like projections that extend into the lumen of the small intestine.

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Happy learning! Happy coding!

Resources:

https://www.meditec.com/resourcestools/medical-words/sound-alike-words/

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