PREFIX – PART 2

Prefix : A prefix is an element placed at the beginning of a word to adjust or qualify its meaning.

Learn with examples for Prefix: Infra, Intra, Inter, Iso, Mal, Macro, Mega, Micro, Neo, Noct, Para, Per, Peri, Poly, Pre, Post, Retro, super, supra, tachy

Infra-              below, under

Intra-              within

Inter-              between

Iso-                 equal, same

Mal-                bad, poor

Macro-           large

Mega-             large

Micro-            small

Neo-               new

Noct-              Night

Para-              by the side of

Per-                through

Peri-               surrounding, around

Poly-              many

Pre-                before

Post-              after

Retro-            backward, behind

Super-           above, excessive

Supra-           Above

Tachy-           fast

Prefix: Infra-            

Meaning: below, under

Infraareolar: below the areola

Infrabuccal: beneath or at the bottom of the cheek.

Infraorbital: Below the orbit (of the eye)

Infrarenal: located below the kidney.

Infrasplenic: inferior to the spleen.

Prefix: Intra-

Meaning: within

Intra-abdominal: Within the cavity of the abdomen.

Intra-arterial:  Within (or into) an artery.

Intra-venous: inside the veins.

Intravascular: refers to anything inside blood vessels, including the internal surface of veins and arteries.

Intravaginal: within the vagina.

Prefix: Inter-

Meaning: between

Interdigit: The area of a hand or foot between adjacent fingers or toes.

Intercostal: between the ribs.

Interfollicular: occurring or existing between follicles.

Interlaminar: between the ectoderm and endoderm.

Intermaxillary: between the maxillae.

Prefix: Iso-

Meaning: equal, same

Isogenic: refers to having same genes.

Prefix: Mal-

Meaning: bad, poor

Malabsorption: It refers to abnormality in digestion or absorption of food nutrients across the GI tract.

Malnutrition: Lack of adequate nourishment.

Malunion: It refers to bad or incorrect union.

Malformation: It refers to abnormal formation.

Malocclusion: A misalignment of the upper and lower sets of teeth.

Prefix: Macro- ,  Mega-

Meaning: large

Macrocephaly: A condition in which the head is abnormally large.

Macrosome: Any relatively large organelle in a cell.

Megabladder: An abnormally enlarged urinary bladder.

Prefix: Micro

Meaning: small

Microaneurysm: An extremely small aneurysm.

Microangiopathy: Angiopathy of the small blood vessels.

Microcolon: It is the radiologic finding of a colon of tiny caliber on barium- enema examination of newborn infants.

Microdontia: It is a condition in which one or more teeth appear smaller than normal.

Microglossia: The presence of an abnormally small tongue.

Prefix: Neo

Meaning: new

Neonatal: pertaining to the period of time immediately following birth, or to the newborn.

Neoplasm: It refers to abnormal new growth of cells, also known as tumor.

Neovascularization: It refers to the formation of new blood vessels.

Prefix: Noct

Meaning: night

Nocturia: It is the medical term for excessive urination at night.

Nocturnal enuresis: It is also called as bedwetting, is involuntary urination while asleep after the age at which bladder control usually begins.

Prefix: Para

Meaning: by the side of, beside, near, resembling

Parathyroid: Four pea-sized glands located in the neck near the thyroid.

Paraurethral cysts: It is also known as Skene’s glands, found in the wall of the vagina near the urethra.

Paravaginal: Adjacent to the wall of the vagina.

Paraventricular: Adjacent to a ventricle.

Paratyphoid: resembling typhoid.

Prefix: Per

Meaning: through

Percutaneous: It refers to any medical procedure where access to inner organs is achieved through the skin.

Peroral: Administered or performed through the mouth.

Perosseous: Taking place or performed through the bone.

Pertrochanteric: passing through the (greater) trochanter.

Prefix: Peri

Meaning: surrounding, around

Periarthritis: Inflammation of the tissues around a joint.

Peribuccal: surrounding a cheek.

Periorbital: surrounding the orbit of the eyes.

Pericystitis: Inflammation of the tissues surrounding the bladder.

Peridiverticulitis: Inflammation of the tissues surrounding an intestinal diverticulum.

Prefix: Poly

Meaning: many

Polyopia: It refers to the perception of more than one image of a single object especially with one eye.

Polyorchism: It refers to the medical condition of having more than two testicles.

Polyosteoarthritis: It occurs when five or more joints are affected with joint pain.

Polysinusitis: Simultaneous inflammation of two or more sinuses.

Polysplenia: It is a congenital disease manifested by multiple small accessary spleens rather than a single, full-sized, normal spleen.

Prefix: Pre

Meaning: before

Prematurity: It is the birth of a baby at fewer than 37 weeks gestational age, as opposed to the usual about 40 weeks.

Premenstrual syndrome: It is a collection of symptoms that many women experience in the weeks before their period.

Preprocedural: Prior to a procedure.

Prefix: Post

Meaning: after

Postlaminectomy syndrome: It is a condition where the patient suffers from persistent pain in the back following surgery to the back.

Postmastectomy: After a mastectomy.

Postmenopausal: It refers to the time period after menopause has occurred.

Postoperative care: Care given after surgery until the patient is discharged from the hospital or surgicenter

Postpartum: It refers to the period just after delivery.

Prefix: Retro

Meaning: backward, behind

Retrobulbar block: It refers to the regional anesthetic nerve block in the retrobulbar space, the area located behind the globe of the eye.

Retroperitoneal: It is the anatomical space in the abdominal cavity behind the peritoneum.

Retropharyngeal abscess: It is an abscess located in the tissues in the back of the throat behind the posterior pharyngeal wall (the retropharyngeal space).

Prefix: Super

Meaning: above, excessive

Supernumerary tooth: A supernumerary tooth is one that is additional to the normal series and can be found in almost any region of the dental arch.

Prefix: Supra

Meaning: above

Supraeruption: Eruption of a tooth above the standard occlusal plane.

Supraglottis: The upper part of the larynx, including the epiglottis; the area above the vocal cords.

Suprarenal: These are small, triangular-shaped glands located on top of both kidneys.

Prefix: Tachy

Meaning: fast

Tachycardia: It is the medical term for a heart rate over 100 beats per minute.

Tachygastria: An increase in the cyclic electrical activity in the stomach.

Tachypnea: It is a respiratory condition that results in fast and shallow breathing.

Happy learning! Happy coding!

References:

nursecepts

Leave a Reply