Root words – Cardiovascular system

Learn with examples for Root words: Angio, aorto, arterio, athero, cardio, endocardio, myocardio, phlebo and thrombo.

(o) – combining vowel

Angi(o) OR vaso – vessel

Aort(o) – aorta

Arteri(o) – artery

Ather(o) – yellow plaque or fatty substance

Cardi(o) – heart

Endocardi(o) – endocardium

Myocardi(o) – myocardium

Phleb(o) OR ven(o) – vein

Thromb(o) – clot

Angiodysplasia: It is an abnormality of the blood vessels in the gastrointestinal tract.

K31.89 Angiodysplasia of stomach and duodenum without bleeding

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Angiectasia: Refers to the dilation of a lymphatic or blood vessel.

I99.8 Other disorder of circulatory system

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Angiitis: Inflammation of the blood vessels.

I77.6 Arteritis, unspecified

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Angiolipoma: These are benign subcutaneous tumors composed of fat and blood vessels.

D17.9 Benign lipomatous neoplasm, unspecified

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Angioma: Tumors made up of small blood vessels.

I78.1 Nevus, non-neoplastic

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Angiopathy: Refers to disease of the arteries, veins and capillaries.

I99.9 Unspecified disorder of circulatory system

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Vasodilation: refers to the widening of blood vessels.

I73.9 Peripheral vascular disease, unspecified

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Vasospasm: refers to narrowing of the blood vessels.

I73.9 Peripheral vascular disease, unspecified

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Aortectasia: Dilation of the aorta.

I77.819 Aortic ectasia, unspecified site

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Aortitis: Inflammation of the aorta.

I77.6 Arteritis, unspecified

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Arteriosclerosis: Hardening and thickening of the walls of the arteries.

I70.90 Unspecified atherosclerosis

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Arteriospasm: Spasm of one or more arteries.

I73.9 Peripheral vascular disease, unspecified

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Arteriopathy: Any diseases of the arteries.

I77.9 Disorder of arteries and arterioles, unspecified

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Arteritis: Inflammation of the walls of arteries.

I77.6 Arteritis, unspecified

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Arteriectomy: Surgical excision of part of an artery.

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Atheroma: A fatty deposit in the inner lining of an artery.

I70.90 Unspecified atherosclerosis

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Atherosclerosis: It is a disease in which plaque builds up inside the arteries.

I70.90 Unspecified atherosclerosis

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Carditis: Inflammation of the heart.

I51.89 other ill-defined heart diseases

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Cardiomegaly: Enlargement of the heart.

I51.7 Cardiomegaly

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Cardiomyopathy: An acquired or hereditary disease of the heart muscle.

I42.9 Cardiomyopathy, unspecified

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Cardiomalacia: A softening of the muscular walls of the heart.

I51.5 Myocardial degeneration

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Cardiopathy: Refers to any disease or disorder of the heart.

I51.9 Heart disease, unspecified

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Cardioplegia: Refers to paralysis of heart done intentionally for the cardiac surgery.

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Cardiosclerosis: Overgrowth of fibrous connective tissue in the walls of the heart.

I25.10 Atherosclerotic heart disease of native coronary artery without angina pectoris

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Endocarditis: It is an infection of the endocardium, which is the inner lining of the heart chambers and heart valves.

I38 Endocarditis, valve unspecified

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Myocarditis: Inflammation of the myocardium.

I40.9 Acute myocarditis, unspecified

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Myocardiopathy: Refers to a group of diseases that affects the heart muscle.

I42.9 Cardiomyopathy, unspecified

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Phlebitis: Inflammation of a vein.

I80.9 Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of unspecified site

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Phlebofibrosis: Fibrous thickening of the walls of the veins.

I87.8 Other specified disorders of veins

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Phleboliths: Tiny calcifications located within a vein.

I87.8 Other specified disorders of veins

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Phlebopathy: Diseases of the veins.

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Phlebosclerosis: Sclerosis of the wall of a vein.

I87.8 Other specified disorders of veins

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Venofibrosis; Fibrous hardening of the walls of the veins.

I87.8 Other specified disorders of veins

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Thromboangitis: Inflammatory condition that affects the small and medium sized arteries and veins of the extremities.

I73.1 Thromboangiitis obliterans [Buerger’s disease]

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Thrombasthenia: Refers to the functional disorder of the platelets.

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Thrombocytosis: It is a condition of having an excessive number of platelets in the blood

D47.3 Essential (hemorrhagic) thrombocythemia

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Thrombophlebitis: Inflammation of veins caused by blood clot that typically occurs in the legs.

I80.9 Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of unspecified site

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Thrombocytopathy: Refers to functional disorders of the blood platelets.

Happy learning! Happy coding!

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2 Comments

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