Root words –Digestive system

Learn with examples for Root words: Ano, Appendico, ceco, chole, cholangio, cholecysto, choledocho, colono, Diverticul(o), Entero, esophago, gastro, hepato, ileo, jejuno, pancreato,procto, and recto

(o) – combining vowel

An(o) – pertaining to the anus

Appendic(o) – refers to appendix

Cec(o) – refers to cecum

Cholangi(o) – bile duct

Cholecyst(o) – gall bladder

Choledoch(o) – common bile duct

Colon(o) – pertaining to the colon

Diverticul(o) – diverticulum

Enter(o) – intestine

Esophag(o) – esophagus

Gastr(o) – stomach

Hepat(o) – liver

Ile(o) – ileum

Jejun(o) – jejunum

Pancreat(o) – pancreas

Proct(o) – rectum and anus

Rect(o) – rectum

Anoscopy: It is a procedure to examine the walls of the anus and part of the rectum.

46600 Anoscopy; diagnostic, including collection of specimen(s) by brushing or washing, when performed (separate procedure)

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Appendicitis: Inflammation of the appendix.

K37 Unspecified Appendicitis

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Appendicolithiasis: Formation of calculus in the vermiform appendix.

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Ceocostomy: Surgical formation of a permanent artificial opening into the cecum.

44188 Laparoscopy, surgical, colostomy or skin level cecostomy

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Cecitis: Inflammation of the cecum.

K52.9 Noninfective gastroenteritis and colitis, unspecified

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Cecectomy: Surgical removal of all or part of the cecum

44140 Colectomy, partial; with anastomosis

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Cholangiectasis: Dilation of the bile ducts.

K83.8 Other specified diseases of biliary tract

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Cholangiohepatitis: Inflammation of the liver and bile ducts.

K83.8 Other specified diseases of biliary tract

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Cholangiohepatoma: A primary hepatic carcinoma of mixed liver cell and bile duct cell origin

C22.0 Liver cell carcinoma

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Cholangiolitis: Inflammation of the smallest bile ducts.(cholangioles)

K83.0 Cholangitis

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Cholangioma: A benign tumor originating from the bile duct.

D13.4 Benign neoplasm of liver.

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Cholecystogram: It is an X-ray of the gallbladder, an organ that stores bile.

74290 Cholecystography, oral contrast

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Cholecystolithotripsy: Fragmentation of a gallstone, typically by means of ultrasound.

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Cholecystopathy: Any disease of the gallbladder.

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Cholecystojejuostomy: Surgical formation of a communication between the gallbladder and the jejunum.

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Cholecystostomy: It is a procedure where a stoma is created in the gallbladder, which can facilitate placement of a tube for drainage.

47480 Cholecystotomy or cholecystostomy, open, with exploration, drainage, or removal of calculus (separate procedure)

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Choledochitis: Inflammation of the common bile duct.

K83.0 Cholangitis

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Choledocholithotomy: Surgical incision of the common bile duct for removal of a gallstone.

47420 Choledochotomy or choledochostomy with exploration, drainage, or removal of calculus, with or without cholecystotomy; without transduodenal sphincterotomy or sphincteroplasty

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Choledocholithiasis: It is the presence of stones in bile ducts.

K80.50 Calculus of bile duct without cholangitis or cholecystitis without obstruction

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Colonoscopy: It is an outpatient procedure used to examine the entire large intestine.

45378 Colonoscopy, flexible; diagnostic, including collection of specimen(s) by brushing or washing, when performed (separate procedure)

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Colostomy: Surgical creation of an opening (stoma) in the large intestine.

44320 Colostomy or skin level cecostomy

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Diverticulitis: It is a condition that occurs when the diverticula in the colon become infected and inflamed.

K57.92 Diverticulitis of intestine, part unspecified, without perforation or abscess without bleeding

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Diverticula: These are small, bulging pouches that form in the colon wall.

K57.90 Diverticulosis of intestine, part unspecified, without perforation or abscess without bleeding

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Diverticulosis: It is condition occurs when small pouches called diverticula forms in the walls of the digestive tract.

K57.90 Diverticulosis of intestine, part unspecified, without perforation or abscess without bleeding

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Enterocolitis: Inflammation involving both small intestine and colon.

K52.9 Noninfective gastroenteritis and colitis, unspecified

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Enterogastritis: Inflammation involving both stomach and intestine.

K52.9 Noninfective gastroenteritis and colitis, unspecified

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Enteropathy: Any disease of the intestines.

K63.9 Disease of intestine, unspecified

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Enteroptosis: An abnormal sagging or downward displacement of the intestines.

K63.4 Enteroptosis

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Enterectomy: Surgical removal of a portion of the intestine.

44120 Enterectomy, resection of small intestine; single resection and anastomosis

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Esophagitis: Inflammation or irritation of the esophagus.

K20.9 Esophagitis, unspecified

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Esophagomalacia: Softening of the walls of the esophagus.

K22.8 Other specified diseases of esophagus

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Esophagospasm: refers to spasm of the esophagus.

K22.4 Dyskinesia of esophagus

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Esophagodynia: Pain in the esophagus.

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Gastritis: Inflammation of the lining of the stomach.

K29.7 Gastritis, unspecified

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Gastrocele: hernial protrusion of the stomach or of a gastric pouch.

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Gastroduodenitis: Inflammation of the stomach and duodenum.

K29.90 Gastroduodenitis, unspecified, without bleeding

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Gastroparesis: refers to paralysis of the muscles of the stomach resulting in abnormal digestion.

K31.84 Gastroparesis

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Gastromegaly: Enlargement of the stomach.

K31.89 other diseases of stomach and duodenum

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Gastrorrhagia: hemorrhage from the stomach.

K92.2 Gastrointestinal hemorrhage, unspecified

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Hepatalgia: refers to pain in the liver.

K76.89 Other specified diseases of liver

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Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver.

K75.9 Inflammatory liver disease, unspecified

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Hepatoblastoma: A tumor that originates in the liver.

C22.2 Hepatoblastoma

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Hepatocarcinoma: refers to carcinoma of the liver.

C22.0 Liver cell carcinoma

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Hepatomegaly: An abnormal enlargement of the liver.

R16.0 Hepatomegaly, not elsewhere classified

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Ileitis: Inflammation of the ileum.

K52.9 Noninfective gastroenteritis and colitis, unspecified

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Ileocolitis: Inflammation of the ileum and colon.

K52.9 Noninfective gastroenteritis and colitis, unspecified

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Ileostomy: A surgical procedure where the small intestine is diverted through an opening in the abdomen called stoma.

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Ileotomy: referring to incision into the ileum.

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Jejunitis: Inflammation of the jejunum.

K52.9 Noninfective gastroenteritis and colitis, unspecified

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Jejunostomy: Surgical operation to create an opening of the jejunum.

44186 Laparoscopy, surgical; jejunostomy (eg, for decompression or feeding)

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Jejunectomy: Removal of all or part of the jejunum.

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Pancreatitis: Inflammation of the pancreas.

K85.90 Acute pancreatitis without necrosis or infection, unspecified

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Pancreatomegaly: Abnormal enlargement of the pancreas.

K86.89 Other specified diseases of pancreas

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Pancreatectomy: Surgical removal of all or part of the pancreas.

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Proctalgia: Pain in the rectum and anus.

K62.89 Other specified diseases of anus and rectum

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Proctectomy: Surgical removal of all or part of the rectum.

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Proctitis: Inflammation of the lining of the rectum.

K62.89 Other specified diseases of anus and rectum

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Proctoptosis: Prolapse of the rectum and anus.

K62.3 Rectal prolapse

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Rectitis: Inflammation of the rectum.

K62.89 Other specified diseases of anus and rectum

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Rectocele; A type of posterior vaginal prolapse, develops when the tissues between the rectum and vagina weaken, causing the rectum to bulge into the vagina.

N81.6 Rectocele

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Rectosigmoiditis: Inflammation of the sigmoid colon and rectum.

K63.89 Other specified diseases of intestine

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Happy learning! Happy coding!

References:

2 Comments

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