Root words – Musculoskeletal system

Learn with examples for Root words: arthro, burso, carpo, chondro, costo, cranio, myo, myelo, osteo, spondylo, teno

(o) – combining vowel

Arthr(o) – joint

Burs(o) – bursa

Carp(o) – wrist

Chondro – cartilage

Costo – rib

Cranio – skull

Myo – muscle

Myelo – bone marrow

Osteo – bone

Spondylo – vertebra

Teno – tendon

Arthrodesis: Refers to surgical fusion of a joint.

Z98.1 Arthrodesis status

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Arthrocele: Hernia of the synovial membrane through the capsule of a joint; swelling of a joint.

M25.40 Effusion, unspecified joint

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Arthroclasia: Surgical breaking down of an ankylosis to permit a joint to move freely.

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Arthrodysplasia: The abnormal development of a joint.

Q74.9 Unspecified congenital malformation of limb(s)

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Arthrosis: Also known as osteoarthritis is a joint disease caused by chronic wear of cartilage.

M19.90 Unspecified osteoarthritis, unspecified site

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Arthrolysis: refers to operative loosening of adhesions in an ankylosed joint.

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Arthropathy: Any disease of the joints.

M12.9 Arthropathy, unspecified

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Bursopathy: Disease involving a bursa, a small fluid-filled sac lined by synovial membrane.

M71.9 Bursopathy, unspecified

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Bursitis: Inflammation of the bursa.

M70.1 Bursitis of hand

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Carpectomy: Removal of the carpal bone.

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Carpitis: Inflammation of the carpal joint.

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Chondrectomy: Excision of cartilage

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Chondritis: Inflammation of the cartilage.

H61.039 Chondritis of external ear, unspecified ear

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Chondropathy: Disease of the cartilage.

M94.0 Chondrocostal junction syndrome

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Chondromalacia: A condition where the cartilage on the undersurface of the patella deteriorates and softens.

M94.20 Chondromalacia, unspecified site

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Chondroplasia: The formation of cartilage by specialized cells called chondrocytes.

Q77.4 Achondroplasia

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Costalgia: pain in the ribs or the costal muscles.

R07.81 Pleurodynia

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Costochondritis: Inflammation of the cartilage in the rib cage.

M94.0 Chondrocostal junction syndrome

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Costectomy: Excision of a rib.

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Craniocele: A hernial protrusion of brain substance through an opening of the skull.

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Craniectomy: Surgical removal of a portion of the skull.

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Craniomalacia: Softening of the bones of the skull.

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Craniopathy: Refer to cranial disease.

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Cranioschisis: Congenital malformation in which there is incomplete closure of the cranium.

Q75.8 Other specified congenital malformations of skull and face bones

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Myocarditis: Inflammation of the myocardium.

I40.9 Acute myocarditis, unspecified

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Myectomy: The removal or the thinning of muscle tissue.

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Myofibroma: A fibroma in muscle tissue.

D21.9 Benign neoplasm of connective and other soft tissue, unspecified

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Myosteatosis: The abnormal deposition of fat in muscle tissue.

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Myopathy: It is a term used to describe diseases of the muscle.

G72.9 Myopathy, unspecified

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Myoma: Benign, monoclonal tumors of the smooth muscle cells of the myometrium.

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Myelomalacia: The softening of the spinal cord.

G95.89 Other specified diseases of spinal cord

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Myelitis: Inflammation of the spinal cord or of bone marrow.

G04.91 Myelitis, unspecified

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Myeloma: Malignant tumor arising from cells of the bone marrow.

C90.0 Multiple myeloma

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Myelopathy: Disease of the spinal cord.

G95.9 Disease of spinal cord, unspecified

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Myelomeningitis: Inflammation of the spinal cord and its meninges.

G04.90 Encephalitis and encephalomyelitis, unspecified

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Osteoarthritis: It is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone.

M19.90 Unspecified osteoarthritis, unspecified site

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Ostalgia: Refers to bone pain.

M85.8 Other specified disorders of bone density and structure

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Ostectomy: Excision of all or part of a bone.

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Osteoporosis: A bone disease that causes a loss of bone density resulting in painful fractures.

M81.0 Age-related osteoporosis without current pathological fracture

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Osteopathy: Any disease of the bones.

M90.8 Osteopathy in diseases classified elsewhere

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Osteoma: It is a benign tumor of the bone.

D16.9 Benign neoplasm of bone and articular cartilage, unspecified

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Osteomalacia: Softening of bones due to inadequate mineralization.

M83.9 Adult osteomalacia, unspecified

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Osteitis: Inflammation of bone.

M86.9 Osteomyelitis, unspecified

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Spondylolysis: A defect or stress fracture of the pars interarticularis of the vertebral arch.

M43.00 Spondylolysis, site unspecified

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Spondylopathy: Disorders of the vertebrae.

M48.9 Spondylopathy, unspecified

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Spondylosis: Also known as spinal osteoarthritis defined as age-related change of the bones and discs of the spine.

M47.9 Spondylosis, unspecified

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Spondylitis: Inflammation of the vertebrae.

M45.9 Ankylosing spondylitis of unspecified sites in spine

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Spondylolisthesis: It is a forward or backward slippage of one vertebra on an adjacent vertebra.

M43.10 Spondylolisthesis, site unspecified

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Tenolysis: A surgery to release a tendon affected by adhesions.

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Tenorrhaphy: suture of a tendon.

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Tenosynovitis: Inflammation of the tendon and its sheath called the synovium.

M65.9 Synovitis and tenosynovitis, unspecified

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Happy learning! Happy coding!

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