Root words –Respiratory system

Learn with examples for Root words: Alveolo, broncho, bronchio, laryngo, naso,pleuro, pneumo, pharyngo, rhino, thoraco and tracheo.

(o) – combining vowel

Alveol(o) – pertaining to alveolus

Bronch(o) – refers to bronchus

Bronchi(o) – refers to bronchioles

Laryng(o) – larynx

Naso – nose

Pleur(o) – pleura

Pneum(o) or pneumon(o) or pulm(o) – lung

Pharyng(o) – pharynx

Rhin(o) – nose, nose like

Thorac(o) – chest

Trache(o) – trachea or windpipe

Alveolitis: Inflammation in the small air sacs of the lungs (alveoli).

———————————————————————————-

Bronchocele: refers to mucus filled bronchus.

J98.09 other diseases of bronchus, not elsewhere classified

———————————————————————————————–

Bronchodilation: refers to the dilation of the airways in the lungs.

—————————————————————————————–

Bronchodysplasia: A serious form of chronic lung disease that affects newborn.

——————————————————————————————–

Broncholithiasis: It is defined as the presence of a calcified fragment of tissue within the bronchus.

J98.09 other diseases of bronchus, not elsewhere classified

—————————————————————————————–

Bronchomalacia: softening of the bronchial cartilage leading to narrowing and airway obstruction.

J98.09 other diseases of bronchus, not elsewhere classified

———————————————————————————————–

Bronchomycosis: Any fungal infection of the bronchi or bronchial tubes.

B37.1 Pulmonary candidiasis

————————————————————————————-

Bronchopathy: refers to any disease of the bronchi.

————————————————————————————————

Bronchorrhea: refers to excessive discharge of watery mucus from the lungs.

J98.09 other diseases of bronchus, not elsewhere classified

————————————————————————————————

Bronchospasm: refers to an abnormal contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi.

J98.01 Acute bronchospasm

————————————————————————————————–

Bronchiolectasis: Dilatation of bronchioles.

J47.9 Bronchiectasis, uncomplicated

——————————————————————————————————

Bronchiolitis: Inflammation of the bronchioles of the lung.

J21.9 Acute bronchiolitis, unspecified

——————————————————————————————————-

Laryngocarcinoma: refers to carcinoma of the larynx.

C32.9 Malignant neoplasm of larynx, unspecified

———————————————————————————————

Laryngocele: An abnormally enlarged and air-filled laryngeal saccule.

Q31.3 Laryngocele

———————————————————————————————–

Laryngomalacia: Congenital softening of the tissues of the larynx (voice box).

Q31.5 Congenital laryngomalacia

———————————————————————————————-

Laryngopathy: refers to any disease of the larynx.

————————————————————————————————-

Laryngoplegia: refers to paralysis of the laryngeal muscles.

J38.00 Paralysis of vocal cords and larynx, unspecified

—————————————————————————————————-

Laryngospasm: Muscle spasm in the vocal cords.

J38.5 Laryngeal spasm

—————————————————————————————————-

Nasopharyngitis: Inflammation of the pharynx and nasal cavities.

J00 Acute nasopharyngitis [common cold]

————————————————————————————————-

Pleuralgia: pain in the pleura. It is also known as Pleurodynia.

R07.81 Pleurodynia

—————————————————————————————————

Pleuropericarditis: Inflammation of the pleura and pericardium.

I30.9 Acute pericarditis, unspecified

—————————————————————————————————–

Pleuropneumonia: Combined inflammation of the pleura and lungs.

J18.8 other pneumonia, unspecified organism

————————————————————————————————-

Pneumocentesis: surgical puncture of a lung, typically to remove fluid.

—————————————————————————————————–

Pneumonectomy: surgical procedure to remove an entire lung.

——————————————————————————————————-

Pneumofibrosis: It is a lung disease that occurs when lung tissue becomes damaged and scarred.

—————————————————————————————–

Pneumopathy: refers to any disease of the lungs.

J98.4 other disorders of lung

————————————————————————————————

Pneumopexy: surgical fixation of layers of the lung tissue.

———————————————————————————————-

Pneumonia: Infection in one or both lungs.

J18.9 Pneumonia, unspecified organism

—————————————————————————————————-

Pneumonitis: refers to inflammation of the lungs.

J69.0 Pneumonitis due to inhalation of food and vomit

————————————————————————————————–

Pharyngalgia: Pain in the pharynx. It is also known as “pharyngodynia”.

J39.2 other diseases of pharynx

———————————————————————————————–.

Pharyngomycosis: refers to fungal disease of the pharynx.

————————————————————————————————-

Pharyngopathy: Any disease of the pharynx.

———————————————————————————————–

Pharyngospasm: spasm of the muscles of the pharynx.

—————————————————————————————————–

Pharyngostomy: surgical formation of an artificial opening into the pharynx.

—————————————————————————————————

Pharyngitis: Inflammation of the pharynx.

J02.9 Acute pharyngitis, unspecified

—————————————————————————————————–

Pharyngoplegia: paralysis of the muscles of the pharynx.

J39.2 other diseases of pharynx

——————————————————————————————

Rhinitis: Inflammation and swelling of the mucous membrane of the nose.

J31.0 chronic rhinitis

————————————————————————————————

Rhinolaryngitis: Inflammation of the mucosa of the nose and larynx

———————————————————————————————–

Rhinolithiasis: The presence of calculi in the nasal cavity.

J34.89 other specified disorders of nose and nasal sinuses.

———————————————————————————————-

Rhinoplasty: Surgery on the nose to change its shape or improve its function.

———————————————————————————————

Rhinorrhagia: refers to hemorrhage from the nose.

R04.0 Epistaxis

—————————————————————————————–

Thoracalgia: Pain in the thorax.

—————————————————————————————

Thoracopathy: Any disease of the thoracic organ or tissues.

———————————————————————————–

Thoracostomy: It is a small incision of the chest wall, with maintenance of the opening for drainage.

32551 Tube thoracostomy, includes connection to drainage system (eg, water seal), when performed, open (separate procedure)

——————————————————————————-

Thoracotomy: Surgical procedure of making an incision into the chest to gain access to the thoracic organs.

32096 Thoracotomy, with diagnostic biopsy(ies) of lung infiltrate(s) (eg, wedge, incisional), unilateral

—————————————————————————————

Tracheobronchitis: Inflammation of the trachea and bronchi.

——————————————————————————————-

Tracheomalacia: softening of the cartilage tissue in trachea.

J39.8 Other specified diseases of upper respiratory tract

————————————————————————————-

Tracheostomy: Surgical procedure to create an opening through the neck into the trachea.

———————————————————————————-

Tracheotomy: refers to the incision into the trachea.

—————————————————————————————-

Tracheitis: Inflammation of the trachea.

J04.10 Acute tracheitis without obstruction

————————————————————————————

Happy learning! Happy coding!

References:

https://nursecepts.com/medical-terminology

Leave a Reply