Root words – The Eye

Learn with examples for Root words: Blepharo, conjunctivo, coreo, corneo, dacryo, irido, oculo, opto, phaco, presbyo, retino, sclero, uveo and vitreo.

(o) – combining vowel

Blephar(o) – Eyelid

Conjunctiv(o) – conjunctiva

Core(o) / Pupill(o) – pupil

Corne(o) / kerat(o) – cornea

Dacry(o) / lacrim(o) – tear, tear duct

Irid(o) – Iris

Ocul(o) / ophthalm(o) – Eye

Opt(o) – Eye, vision

Phac(o) – crystalline lens

Presby(o) – old age

Retin(o) – Retina

Scler(o) – Sclera

Uve(o) – Iris, ciliary body and choroid.

Vitre(o) – glassy

Blepharectomy: Surgical removal of the eyelids.


Blepharedema: Edema of the eyelids.

H02.84 Edema of eyelid


Blepharoplasty: Surgical repair of droopy eyelids.

15820 Blepharoplasty, lower eyelid


Blepharoplegia: Paralysis of an eyelid.

H02.89 Other specified disorders of eyelid


Blepharotomy: Surgical incision of an eyelid.

67700 Blepharotomy, drainage of abscess, eyelid


Conjunctivitis: Inflammation of the conjunctiva.

H10.9 Unspecified conjunctivitis


Conjunctivoplasty: It refers to plastic repair of a defect in the conjunctiva.

68320 Conjunctivoplasty; with conjunctival graft or extensive rearrangement


Coreoplasty: Plastic surgery to correct a deformed or occluded pupil.

66762 Iridoplasty by photocoagulation (1 or more sessions) (eg, for improvement of vision, for widening of anterior chamber angle)


Pupillotonia: A pupillary abnormality characterized by a poor pupillary light reaction, reduced accommodation, iris sector palsies, an enhanced pupillary response to near effort that results in a prolonged, “tonic” constriction, and slow pupillary redilation.

H57.059 Tonic pupil, unspecified eye


Keratalgia: It refers to corneal pain.

H57.10 Ocular pain, unspecified eye


Keratocele: Herniation of Descemet’s membrane in the eye.


Keratectomy: Surgical removal of a section or layer of the cornea.

65400 Excision of lesion, cornea (keratectomy, lamellar, partial), except pterygium


Keratomalacia: An eye condition in which the cornea gets cloudy and softens.

H18.44 Keratomalacia


Keratomycosis: Fungal infection of the cornea.


Keratoplasty: A surgical procedure where a damaged or diseased cornea is replaced by donated corneal tissue. It is also known as corneal transplantation or corneal grafting.

65756 Keratoplasty (corneal transplant); endothelial


Keratorrhexis: It refers to rupture of the cornea, due to trauma or perforating ulcer.


Dacryoadenitis: Inflammation of the lacrimal glands (the tear producing glands).

H04.00 Unspecified dacryoadenitis


Dacryocystitis: Inflammation of the tear sac or lacrimal sac.( tear drainage system)

H04.30 Unspecified Dacryocystitis


Iridocyclitis: Inflammation of the iris and ciliary body.

H20.9 Unspecified iridocyclitis


Iridoplegia: Paralysis of the sphincter of the iris.

H57.09 other anomalies of pupillary function


Iritis: Inflammation of the iris, the coloured portion of the eye.


Iridectomy: Surgical removal of part of the iris.

66761 Iridotomy/iridectomy by laser surgery (eg, for glaucoma) (per session)


Oculopathy: It refers to any eye disease.

A51.43 Secondary syphilitic oculopathy


Ophthalmitis: Inflammation of the eye.

H44.009 Unspecified purulent endophthalmitis, unspecified eye


Ophthalmocele: Protrusion of the eyeball.

Q15.8 Other specified congenital malformations of eye


Opthalmoplegia: Paralysis of the muscles within or surrounding the eye.

H52.519 Internal ophthalmoplegia (complete) (total), unspecified eye


Phacoemulsification: A modern cataract surgical procedure in which an ultrasonic device is used to break up and then remove a cloudy lens, or cataract from the eye to improve vision, usually followed by the insertion of an intraocular lens.

66984 Extracapsular cataract removal with insertion of intraocular lens prosthesis (1 stage procedure), manual or mechanical technique (eg, irrigation and aspiration or phacoemulsification)


Presbyopia: It is an eye condition associated with the aging of the eye that results in worsening ability to focus clearly on close objects.

H52.4 Presbyopia


Retinitis: Inflammation of the retina in the eye.


Retinopathy: It refers to any damage to the retina of the eyes, which may cause vision impairment.

H35.00 Unspecified background retinopathy


Retinoblastoma: It is a rare type of eye cancer that begins in the retina and is most common among children.

C69.2 Malignant neoplasm of retina


Retinopexy: A surgical procedure to repair a detached retina and restore vision.


Scleromalacia: It refers to degenerative thinning of the sclera.

H15.053 Scleromalacia perforans, bilateral


Scleroplasty: It refers to plastic surgery of the sclera.


Sclerotomy: The surgical procedure of making an incision in the sclera.


Uveitis: An inflammation of the middle layer of the eye.


Vitreitis: Inflammation of the vitreous humour.

H43.89 other disorders of vitreous body


Vitreopathy: Any disease of the vitreous humour.


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