Root words – The Male reproductive system

Learn with examples for Root words: Andro, Balano, epididymo, gonado, orcho/orchio, phallo, prostato, scroto, spermo, vaso and vesiculo.

(o) – combining vowel

Andr(o) – Male

Balan(o) – Glans penis

Epididym(o) – Epididymis

Gonad(o) – gonads

Orch(o), orchi(o), orchid(o), test(o)– testis, testicle

Phall(o) – Phallus, penis

Prostat(o) – Prostate gland

Scrot(o) – scrotum

Sperm(o) / Spermat(o) – Sperm

Vas(o) – vessel or duct, vasdeferens

Vesicul(o) – seminal vesicles

Andrology: The branch of medicine that deals with male health, particularly related to the problems of the male reproductive system.


Andropathy: Any disease that affects men.


Androphobia: It is defined as a fear of men.

F40.290 Androphobia


Balanitis: Inflammation of the glans or the head of the penis.

N48.1 Balanitis


Balanoposthitis: It is an inflammation that affects both the glans penis and prepuce.

N47.6 Balanoposthitis


Balanoplasty: Surgical reconstruction of the glans penis.


Epididymitis: An inflammation of the epididymis, a long coiled tube at the back of the testicle that carries sperm.

N45.1 Epididymitis


Epididymoorchitis: An inflammation of the epididymis and testis.

N45.3 Epididymoorchitis


Gonadoblastoma: A rare tumor made up of more than one type of cell found in the gonads including germ cells, stromal cells and granulosa cells.

D40.10 Neoplasm of uncertain behavior of unspecified testis


Orchidectomy (orchiectomy): A surgical procedure to remove one or both testicles.

54520 Orchiectomy, simple (including subcapsular), with or without testicular prosthesis, scrotal or inguinal approach


Orchidopexy (orchiopexy): It is a surgery to move an undescended testicle into the scrotum and permanently fix it there.

54640 Orchiopexy, inguinal approach, with or without hernia repair


Orchitis: Inflammation of the testicles.

N45.2 Orchitis


Orchiotomy: Incision into a testis.


Orchidoplasty (orchioplasty): Surgical reconstruction of the testis.


Testicular torsion: It occurs when the spermatic cord gets twisted and cuts off blood supply to the testicle.

N44.8 other noninflammatory disorders of the testis


Phallitis: Inflammation of the penis.


Phallology: Study of the penis.


Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate gland.

N41.9 Inflammatory disease of prostate, unspecified


Prostatocystitis: Inflammation of the prostate and the bladder.

N41.3 Prostatocystitis


Prostatorrhea: An abnormal discharge of secretion from the prostate gland.

N42.89 Other specified disorders of prostate


Prostatectomy: Surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland.

55866 Laparoscopy, surgical prostatectomy, retropubic radical, including nerve sparing, includes robotic assistance, when performed


Prostatomegaly: It is a term used to describe enlargement of the prostate gland.


Scrotoplasty: It refers to plastic surgery of the scrotum where the excess skin from the scrotum is excised and the testicular sack is tightened.

55175 Scrotoplasty; simple


Scrotectomy: Surgical removal of complete or part of the scrotum.

55150 Resection of scrotum


Spermatocele: It is a fluid collection or cyst that forms in the epididymis behind the testicles.

N43.40 Spermatocele of epididymis, unspecified


Spermatology: The scientific study of sperms.


Spermaturia: It refers to the presence of spermatozoa in the urine.


Spermatocystitis: Inflammation of the seminal vesicles.

N49.0 Inflammatory disorders of seminal vesicle


Spermatocelectomy: Surgical procedure to remove a spermatocele by separating it from the epididymis.

54840 Excision of spermatocele, with or without epididymectomy


Vasitis: Inflammation of the vas deferens.

N49.1 Inflammatory disorders of spermatic cord, tunica vaginalis and vas deferens


Vasectomy: It is a surgical procedure for male sterilization or permanent contraception.

55250 Vasectomy, unilateral or bilateral (separate procedure), including postoperative semen examination(s)


Vasovasostomy: Surgical anastomosis of a divided vas deferens to reverse a previous vasectomy.

55400 Vasovasostomy, vasovasorrhaphy


Vesiculitis: Inflammation of the seminal vesicles.

N49.0 Inflammatory disorders of seminal vesicle


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