Root words – The Nervous system

Learn with examples for Root words: Cerebello, Cerebro, Cephalo, Cranio, Encephalo, Ganglio, Medullo, Myelo, Neuro and Spino.

(o) – combining vowel

Cerebell(o) – cerebellum

Cerebr(o) – cerebrum

Cephal(o) – head

Crani(o) – skull or cranium

Encephal(o) – brain

Gangli(o) – ganglion

Medull(o) – medulla oblongata

Myel(o) – spinal cord

Neur(o) – nerve

Spin(o) – spine

Cerebellitis: Inflammatory syndrome characterized by cerebellar dysfunction.

G04.90 Encephalitis and encephalomyelitis, unspecified

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Cerebromalacia: Abnormal softening of cerebral parenchymal tissue.

G93.89 Other specified disorders of brain

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Cerebroencephalitis: Inflammation of the brain

G04.90 Encephalitis and encephalomyelitis, unspecified

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Cerebroma: Any mass or tumor of the brain.

D49.6 Neoplasm of unspecified behavior of brain

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Cerebrosclerosis: Hardening of the substance of the cerebrum.

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Cephalocele: It is defined as a herniation of cranial contents through a congenital opening in the cranium.

Q01.9 Encephalocele, unspecified

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Cephalocentesis: Surgical puncture of the skull to drain excess cerebrospinal fluid.

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Cephalitis: Inflammation of the brain often due to infection.

G04.90 Encephalitis and encephalomyelitis, unspecified

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Cephalalgia: It refers to any type of pain located in the head.

R51 Headache

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Cephalohematoma: It is a collection of blood under the skin of the scalp.

P12.0 Cephalhematoma due to birth injury

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Cephalotomy:It refers to dissection or opening of the head.

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Cephalopathy: It refers to any disease of the head.

G93.89 Other specified disorders of brain

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Craniocele: A hernial protrusion of brain substance through an opening of the skull.

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Craniectomy: It is a neurosurgical procedure that involves removing a portion of the skull

61518 Craniectomy for excision of brain tumor, infratentorial or posterior fossa; except meningioma, cerebellopontine angle tumor, or midline tumor at base of skull.

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Craniomalacia: It refers to softening of the bones of the skull.

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Craniopathy: Any disease of the cranial bones.

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Cranioplasty: Surgical repair of a defect or deformity in the skull.

62145 Cranioplasty for skull defect with reparative brain surgery

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Craniosclerosis: It refers to abnormal thickening of the bones of the skull.

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Encephalocele: It is a sac-like protrusion of the brain and brain membranes through an opening in the skull.

Q01.9 Encephalocele, unspecified

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Encephalomyelitis: Inflammation of the brain and spinal cord.

G04.90 Encephalitis and encephalomyelitis, unspecified

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Encephalomyelopathy: Any disease that affects both the brain and the spinal cord.

G96.9 Disorder of central nervous system, unspecified

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Encephalomalacia: It describes the softening or loss of brain tissue after an injury.

G93.89 Other specified disorders of brain

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Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain.

G04.90 Encephalitis and encephalomyelitis, unspecified

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Encephalopathy: Any disease that affects the brain.

G93.40 Encephalopathy, unspecified

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Encephaloma: A tumor of the brain.

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Encephalorrhagia: It refers to hemorrhage within or from the brain.

I61.9 Nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage, unspecified

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Gangliocytoma: It is a rare type of central nervous system tumor made up of mature neurons.

D36.10 Benign neoplasm of peripheral nerves and autonomic nervous system, unspecified

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Ganglioneuroma: A tumor of the sympathetic nerve fibres arising from neural crest cells.

D36.10 Benign neoplasm of peripheral nerves and autonomic nervous system, unspecified

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Gangliectomy: It is also known as ganglionectomy, is the surgical removal of a ganglion.

25111 Excision of ganglion, wrist, primary

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Medulloepithelioma: A rare, fast-growing brain tumor thought to stem from cells of the embryonic medullary cavity.

C71.7 Malignant neoplasm of brain stem

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Myelodysplasia: A group of disorders caused by inadequate production of bone marrow or blood cells.

D46.9 Myelodysplastic syndrome, unspecified

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Myelofibrosis: It is rare type of blood cancer in which excessive scar tissue forms in the bone marrow and impairs its ability to produce normal blood cells.

D75.81 Myelofibrosis

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Myelogram: An X-ray photograph of the spinal cord, following administration of a radiopaque substance into the spinal subarachnoid space.

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Myelitis: Inflammation of the spinal cord.

G04.91 Myelitis, unspecified

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Myelolipoma: It is a rare benign neoplasm composed of mature adipose tissue and a variable amount of hematopoietic elements.

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Myelomalacia: The softening of the spinal cord.

G95.89 Other specified diseases of spinal cord

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Myeloma: It is a type of blood cancer that develops from cells in the bone marrow called plasma cells.

C90.0 Multiple myeloma

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Myelopathy: Any disorder that affects the spinal cord.

G95.9 Disease of spinal cord, unspecified

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Neurectomy: The surgical excision of a nerve.

28055 Neurectomy, intrinsic musculature of foot

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Neuralgia: It is a condition that causes shooting and burning pain in the nerves.

M79.2 Neuralgia and neuritis, unspecified

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Neuroplasty: Surgery to repair or restore nerve tissue.

64702 Neuroplasty; digital, 1 or both, same digit

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Neuropathy: Any disease of the peripheral nervous system.

G62.9 Polyneuropathy, unspecified

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Neuritis: Inflammation of one or more nerves.

M79.2 Neuralgia and neuritis, unspecified

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Spinocerebellar ataxia: A condition characterized by progressive problems with movement.

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Spina bifida: A birth defect that occurs when the spine and spinal cord fails to develop properly.

Q05.9 Spina bifida, unspecified

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Happy learning! Happy coding!

References:

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