Root words – The Urinary system

Learn with examples for Root words: Cysto, glomerulo, Nephro, Pyelo, Reno, uro/urino, uretero and urethro.

(o) – combining vowel

Cyst(o) – bladder or sac

Glomerul(o) – glomerulus

Nephr(o) – Kidney

Pyel(o) – Kidney or pelvis

Ren(o) – Kidney

Ur(o) / Urin(o) – Urine

Ureter(o) – ureter

Urethr(o) – urethra

Cystalgia: It refers to pain in the urinary bladder.

R39.89 other symptoms and signs involving the genitourinary system

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Cystocele: Cystocele also called as prolapsed bladder occurs when the walls between the bladder and vagina weakens causing the bladder to sag into the vagina.

N81.10 Cystocele, unspecified

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Cystitis: Inflammation of the urinary bladder.

N30.90 Cystitis, unspecified without haematuria

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Cystolithiasis: The presence of stones in the bladder.

N21.0 Calculus in bladder

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Cystopathy: Any disease of the urinary bladder.

N32.9 Bladder disorder, unspecified

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Cystopexy: Surgical procedure to fix the bladder to the abdominal wall.

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Cystoplasty: Any repair to the urinary bladder.

51800 Cystoplasty or cystourethroplasty, plastic operation on bladder and/or vesical neck

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Cystoplegia: Paralysis of the urinary bladder.

N31.2 Flaccid neuropathic bladder, not elsewhere classified

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Cystopyelitis: Inflammation of the urinary bladder and renal pelvis.

N10 Acute pyelonephritis

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Cystorrhaphy: Refers to suture of the bladder.

51860 Cystorrhaphy, suture of bladder wound, injury or rupture; simple

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Cystorrhea: A mucous discharge from the bladder.

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Cystoscopy: It is an endoscopic procedure to examine the lining of the bladder and urethra.

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Cystostomy: Surgical creation of an opening into the bladder.

51705 Change of cystostomy tube; simple

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Cystotomy: A surgical incision into the urinary bladder.

51520 Cystotomy; for simple excision of vesical neck

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Glomerulopathy: Any disease of the renal glomeruli.

N05.9 Unspecified nephritic syndrome with unspecified morphologic changes

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Glomerulosclerosis: A hardening of the glomerulus in the kidney.

N26.9 Renal sclerosis, unspecified

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Glomerulonephritis: It refers to a range of inflammatory kidney conditions of the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys, known as glomeruli.

N05.9 Unspecified nephritic syndrome with unspecified morphologic changes

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Nephralgia: Pain in a kidney.

N23 Unspecified renal colic

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Nephrocarcinoma: Carcinoma of the kidney.

C64.9 Malignant neoplasm of unspecified kidney, except renal pelvis

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Nephrectomy: The surgical removal of a kidney.

50240 Nephrectomy, partial

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Nephritis: Inflammation of the kidney.

N05.9 Unspecified nephritic syndrome with unspecified morphologic changes

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Nephrolithiasis: presence of calculi in kidneys.

N20.0 Calculus of kidney

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Nephromegaly: Enlargement of one or both kidneys.

N28.81 Hypertrophy of kidney

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Nephroma: Tumor of the kidney.

D41.00 Neoplasm of uncertain behavior of unspecified kidney

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Nephropathy: Any disease of the kidneys.

N28.9 Disorder of kidney and ureter, unspecified

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Nephropexy: Surgical fixation of a floating or mobile kidney (nephroptosis)

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Nephroplegia: Functional paralysis of the kidneys.

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Nephrostomy: An artificial opening created between the kidney and the outside of the body.

50432 Placement of nephrostomy catheter, percutaneous, including diagnostic nephrostogram and/or ureterogram when performed, imaging guidance

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Renomegaly: The presence of an enlarged kidney.

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Renopathy: Any disease of the kidneys.

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Pyelectasis: A dilation of the renal pelvis.

N13.30 Unspecified hydronephrosis

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Pyelocystitis: Inflammation of the renal pelvis and the bladder.

N10 Acute pyelonephritis

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Pyelonephrosis: Any disease of the kidney and its pelvis.

N11.1 Chronic obstructive pyelonephritis

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Pyelophlebitis: Inflammed thrombosis of the portal vein.

I80.8 Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of other sites

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Urolithiasis: Presence of calculi in the urinary tract.

N20.9 Urinary calculus, unspecified

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Urodynia: Pain during urination.

R30.9 Painful micturition, unspecified

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Uropathy: Any disease of the urinary tract.

N39.9 Disorder of urinary system, unspecified

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Urorrhagia: Excessive urination.

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Urostomy: It is a surgical procedure that creates a stoma (artificial opening) for the urinary system.

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Urosepsis: Sepsis caused by an infection of the urinary tract (UTI).

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Ureterocele: A ureterocele is a birth defect where there is a small pouch or swelling at the bottom of the ureters.

Q62.31 Congenital ureterocele, orthotopic

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Ureteritis: Inflammation of the ureters.

N28.89 Other specified disorders of kidney and ureter

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Ureteropathy: Any disease of the ureters.

N28.9 Disorder of kidney and ureter, unspecified

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Ureterostomy: Surgical creation of an artificial opening (stoma) for a ureter or kidney.

50860 Ureterostomy, transplantation of ureter to skin

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Urethrocele: Prolapse of the female urethra into the vagina.

N81.0 Urethrocele

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Urethrodynia: Pain in the urethra.

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Urethritis: Inflammation of the urethra.

N34.2 Other urethritis

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Urethrorrhagia: Refers to bleeding from the urethra due to irritation, infection or trauma.

N36.8 Other specified disorders of urethra

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Urethrostomy: A surgical procedure to create a permanent opening in the urethra.

53000 Urethrotomy or urethrostomy, external (separate procedure); pendulous urethra

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Urethrotomy: A surgical procedure that involves incision of the urethra.

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Happy learning! Happy coding!

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